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Depression and Anxiety: A Guide for Young Adults 

The mental health landscape continually changes, and young adults are no exception in today’s fast-paced world. Depression and anxiety have become prevalent concerns within this age group (Twenge et al., 2019)[1]. These conditions can cause significant disruptions in daily life and overall well-being, necessitating prompt action to mitigate their effects. 

Depression is defined as feeling sad, hopeless, and uninterested in activities that are used to bring happiness Mayo Clinic, 2021[2], and anxiety, typified by persistent worry, fear, and physical symptoms like excessive sweating and trembling Harvard Health, 2021[3], is not to be taken lightly. If you or someone you know is showing these symptoms, seek professional mental health services immediately.

Thankfully, a myriad of treatment options, such as therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes, are available for those grappling with depression and anxiety. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), a type of psychotherapy, has been shown to help individuals identify and change negative thought patterns, subsequently adopting more positive ones Beck Institute, 2020[4].

Moreover, medications like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) – including sertraline, escitalopram, and fluoxetine – have been proven effective for anxiety and depression treatment National Institute of Mental Health, 2020[5]. However, it is essential to remember that these medications should be taken under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Engaging in regular physical exercise, consuming a healthy diet, and getting adequate sleep are positive lifestyle changes associated with enhanced mood and decreased symptoms of depression and anxiety Mental Health Foundation, 2021[6].

Keep in mind that depression and anxiety often result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and experiential factors World Health Organization, 2021[7]. It is important to seek specialized assistance to identify these conditions’ underlying causes.

Remember, if you or someone you know is wrestling with depression or anxiety, seeking help is not a sign of weakness—it is a sign of strength. With the proper treatment and support, overcoming these conditions and leading a fulfilling life is a dream and a very attainable reality.

Please note: This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare provider for advice tailored to your specific circumstances.


  1. Twenge, J.M., Cooper, A.B., Joiner, T.E., Duffy, M.E., & Binau, S.G. (2019). Age, period, and cohort trends in mood disorder indicators and suicide-related outcomes in a nationally representative dataset, 2005–2017. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 128(3), 185-199.
  2. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Depression (major depressive disorder). Mayo Clinic.
  3. Harvard Health Publishing. (2021). Understanding Anxiety. Harvard Medical School.
  4. Beck Institute. (2020). What is Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)?. Beck Institute.
  5. National Institute of Mental Health. (2020). Mental Health Medications. National Institutes of Health.
  6. Mental Health Foundation. (2021). Diet and mental health. Mental Health Foundation.
  7. World Health Organization. (2021). Depression. World Health Organization.